Inquisit Test Variants

Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS 20) - English

The Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS) developed by Watson et al (1988) consisting of 20 self-report items measuring mood.

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User Manual Sample Data Last Updated: Jan 7, 2020, 12:29AM


Find peer-reviewed, published research using the Inquisit Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS)

Watson, D., Clark, L., Tellegen, A., & Sarason, Irwin G. (1988). Development and Validation of Brief Measures of Positive and Negative Affect: The PANAS Scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54(6), 1063-1070.

Mcconville, Simpson, Rae, Polito, Andriollo-Sanchez, Meunier, . . . Coudray. (2005). Positive and negative mood in the elderly: The ZENITH study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 59 Suppl 2, S22-5.

Tuccitto, D., Giacobbi, P., & Leite, W. (2010). The Internal Structure of Positive and Negative Affect: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the PANAS. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 70(1), 125-141.

Parrott, A., Gibbs, C., Scholey, A., King, B., Owens, R., Swann, K., . . . Stough, E. (2011). MDMA and methamphetamine: Some paradoxical negative and positive mood changes in an acute dose laboratory study. Psychopharmacology, 215(3), 527-536.

Leshem, M., Sliman, W., Taweel, S., Shamshoum, R., & Armaly, Z. (2014). Patient mood flux on‐ and off‐hemodialysis. Hemodialysis International, 18(2), 488-494.