Ruminative Responses Scale (RRS)

FREE for use with an Inquisit Lab or Inquisit Web license.

Available Test Forms

Ruminative Responses Scale - English

A computerized self-report questionnaire consisting of 22 4-point Likert Scale questions measuring a person's focus on negative moods
Duration: 1 minutes
(Requires Inquisit Lab to run on your computer)
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Last Updated: Dec 30, 2022, 7:55PM


Google ScholarSearch Google Scholar for peer-reviewed, published research using the Inquisit Ruminative Responses Scale (RRS).

Treynor, W., Gonzalez, R. & Nolen-Hoeksema, S. Rumination Reconsidered: A Psychometric Analysis. Cognitive Therapy and Research 27, 247–259 (2003).

Roelofs, J., Muris, P., Huibers, M., Peeters, F., & Arntz, A. (2006). On the measurement of rumination: A psychometric evaluation of the ruminative response scale and the rumination on sadness scale in undergraduates. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 37(4), 299–313.

Caselli, G., Ferretti, C., Leoni, M., Rebecchi, D., Rovetto, F., & Spada, M. M. (2010). Rumination as a predictor of drinking behaviour in alcohol abusers: a prospective study. Addiction (Abingdon, England), 105(6), 1041–1048.

Johnson, D. P., & Whisman, M. A. (2013). Gender differences in rumination: A meta-analysis. Personality and Individual Differences, 55(4), 367–374.

Rogers, M. L., & Joiner, T. E. (2017). Rumination, Suicidal Ideation, and Suicide Attempts: A Meta-Analytic Review. Review of General Psychology, 21(2), 132–142.

Watkins, E. R., & Roberts, H. (2020). Reflecting on rumination: Consequences, causes, mechanisms and treatment of rumination. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 127, 103573–28.