Return to the Dispositional Flow Scale (DFS) page
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										Dispositional Flow Scale (DFS)
									  (based on Flow State Scale - FSS)
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Script Author: Katja Borchert, Ph.D. (katjab@millisecond.com) for Millisecond Software, LLC
Date: 10-03-2017
last updated:  01-06-2020 by K. Borchert (katjab@millisecond.com) for Millisecond Software, LLC

Script Copyright © 01-06-2020 Millisecond Software

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BACKGROUND INFO 	
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This script implements a computerized version of the Dispositional Flow Scale (DFS).
'Flow' = positive feeling of balance btw. challenges of tasks and personal abilities to tackle them.

The implemented procedure is based on the published: 

Flow State Scale (FSS):
Jackson, S.A., & Marsh, H.W. (1996). Development and validation of a scale to measure
optimal experience: The flow state scale. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology,
18, 17–35.

Dispositional Flow Scale (DFS aka TFS for Trait Flow Scale)
Jackson, S.A., Kimiecik, J.C., Ford, S., and Marsh, H.W. (1998). 
Psychological correlates of flow in sport. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. 20: 358-378

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OVERVIEW
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A 36-item, 5-point Likert scale self-report questionnaire with 4 items per 9 subscales:
*ChallengeSkillBase (1, 10, 19, 28)
*ActionAwarenessMerging (2, 11, 20, 29)
*ClearGoals (3, 12, 21, 30)
*UnambiguousFeedback (4, 13, 22, 31)
*Concentration_at_task_on_hand (5, 14, 23, 32)
*Paradox_of_control (6, 15, 24, 33)
*Loss_of_SelfConsciousness (7, 16, 25, 34)
*Transformation_of_Time (8, 17, 26, 35)
*AutotelicExperience (intrinsic motivation) (9, 18, 27, 36)

NOTE: For the purpose of this script, 
a) the wording of the items published for the FSS (Jackson & Marsh, 1996) were changed by Millisecond Software to
assess dispositional flow experiences according to the guidelines published in Jackson et al (1998).
b) the Likert anchors were changed from: 'Strongly Disagree - Strongly Agree' (FSS) to 'Never-Always' (DFS) in accordance with
Jackson et al (1998)
c) the wording of the instructions for the FSS were changed to assess dispositional flow experiences by Millisecond Software

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DURATION 
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the default set-up of the script takes appr. 3 minutes to complete

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DATA FILE INFORMATION 
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The default data stored in the data files are:

(1) Raw data file: 'flowstatescale_survey.iqdat'

date, time:						date and time script was run with the current group/subjectnumber 
subject, group, session:	  		with the current subject/groupnumber/session id
build:							the Inquisit build 

q*_response:						response given (in assigned values) - 5 point Likert scales (range: 1-5)
								*CSB: ChallengeSkillBase (1, 10, 19, 28)
								*AAM: ActionAwarenessMerging (2, 11, 20, 29)
								*CG: ClearGoals (3, 12, 21, 30)
								*UF: UnambiguousFeedback (4, 13, 22, 31)
								*CT: Concentration_at_task_on_hand (5, 14, 23, 32)
								*PC: Paradox_of_control (6, 15, 24, 33)
								*LSC: Loss_of_SelfConsciousness (7, 16, 25, 34)
								*TT: Transformation_of_Time (8, 17, 26, 35)
								*AE: AutotelicExperience (9, 18, 27, 36)

q*_latency:						how much time (in ms) the participant spent on the surveypage with this particular question (the last time this particular surveypage was visited)


(2) Summary data file: 'flowstatescale_summary.iqdat' (Inquisit Lab: one data file per participant)

computer.platform:				the platform the script was run on (win/mac/ios/android)
script.startdate:					date script was run
script.starttime:					time script was started
script.subjectid:					assigned subject id number
script.groupid:					assigned group id number
script.sessionid:					assigned session id number
script.elapsedtime:				time it took to run script (in ms); measured from onset to offset of script
script.completed:					0 = script was not completed (prematurely aborted); 
								1 = script was completed (all conditions run)

Range of scores on subscales: min=4-20=max

expressions.ChallengeSkillBase:					total points on CBS scale (1, 10, 19, 28)
expressions.ActionAwarenessMerging:				total points on AAM scale (2, 11, 20, 29)
expressions.ClearGoals:							total points on CG scale  (3, 12, 21, 30)
expressions.UnambiguousFeedback:				total points on UF scale  (4, 13, 22, 31)
expressions.Concentration_at_task_on_hand:			total points on CT scale  (5, 14, 23, 32)
expressions.Paradox_of_control:					total points on PC scale  (6, 15, 24, 33)
expressions.Loss_of_SelfConsciousness:			total points on LSC scale  (7, 16, 25, 34)
expressions.Transformation_of_Time:				total points on TT scale  (8, 17, 26, 35)
expressions.AutotelicExperience:					total points on AE scale  (9, 18, 27, 36)
expressions.total:									the combined score of all 9 subscalesfactors

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QUESTIONNAIRE SET-UP & SCORING
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A 36-item, 5-point Likert scale self-report questionnaire with 4 items per 9 subscales:
*ChallengeSkillBase (1, 10, 19, 28)
*ActionAwarenessMerging (2, 11, 20, 29)
*ClearGoals (3, 12, 21, 30)
*UnambiguousFeedback (4, 13, 22, 31)
*Concentration_at_task_on_hand (5, 14, 23, 32)
*Paradox_of_control (6, 15, 24, 33)
*Loss_of_SelfConsciousness (7, 16, 25, 34)
*Transformation_of_Time (8, 17, 26, 35)
*AutotelicExperience (9, 18, 27, 36)

NOTE: For the purpose of this script, 
a) the wording of the items published for the FSS (Jackson & Marsh, 1996) were changed by Millisecond Software to
assess dispositional flow experiences according to the guidelines published in Jackson et al (1998).
b) the Likert anchors were changed from: 'Strongly Disagree - Strongly Agree' (FSS) to 'Never-Always' (DFS) in accordance with
Jackson et al (1998)
c) the wording of the instructions for the FSS were changed to assess dispositional flow experiences by Millisecond Software

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INSTRUCTIONS 
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Instructions are based on Jackson & Marsh (1996) published for the FFS.
They can be edited under section Editable Parameters

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EDITABLE CODE 
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check below for (relatively) easily editable parameters, stimuli, instructions etc. 
Keep in mind that you can use this script as a template and therefore always "mess" with the entire code 
to further customize your experiment.

The parameters you can change are:

/pageinstructions:			store the instructions presented on each surveypage