___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Brief Implicit Association Test (BIAT) - Depression BIAT ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Main Inquisit programming: Sean Draine (firstname.lastname@example.org) last updated: 02-23-2022 by K. Borchert (email@example.com) for Millisecond Software, LLC Script Copyright © 02-23-2022 Millisecond Software The University of Washington has applied for patent on the BIAT method. The patent is managed by Project Implicit. Both the University of Washington and Project Implicit authorize free use of the BIAT method and published stimuli for scholarly research, provided that reports of the research clearly identify any modifications made to the BIAT and appropriately cite the present article. Please contact Project Implicit (E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org) to request a license for commercial or other nonscholarly use of the BIAT. Millisecond Software thanks Dr. Sriram and Dr. Greenwald for providing generous feedback on this script! ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ BACKGROUND INFO ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ The Implicit Association Task (IAT: Greenwald, McGhee, & Schwartz, 1998) and the brief IAT (BIAT: Sriram & Greenwald, 2009) are widely-used cognitive-behavioral paradigms that measure the strength of automatic (implicit) associations between concepts in people’s minds relying on latency measures in simple sorting tasks. The strength of an association between concepts is measured by the standardized mean difference score of the 'hypothesis-inconsistent' pairings and 'hypothesis-consistent' pairings (d-score) (Greenwald, Nosek, & Banaji, 2003). In general, the higher the d-score the stronger is the association between the 'hypothesis-consistent' pairings (decided by researchers). Negative d-scores suggest a stronger association between the 'hypothesis-inconsistent' pairings. Inquisit calculates d scores using the improved scoring algorithm as described in Greenwald et al (2003). Error trials are handled by requiring respondents to correct their responses according to recommendation (p.214). D-scores obtained with this script: Positive d-scores: support a stronger association between 'ME-Sad' than for 'ME-Happy' Negative d-scores: support a stronger association between 'ME-Happy' than for 'ME-Sad' References: Greenwald, A. G., McGhee, D. E., & Schwartz, J. K. L. (1998). Measuring individual differences in implicit cognition: The Implicit Association Test. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 1464-1480. Greenwald, A. G., Nosek, B. A., & Banaji, M. R. (2003). Understanding and Using the Implicit Association Test: I. An Improved Scoring Algorithm. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, 197-216. Sriram, N. & Anthony G. Greenwald, A.G (2009).The Brief Implicit Association Test. Experimental Psychology, 56, 283–294. (see page. 285, Table 1 for an overview of the procedure) ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ TASK DESCRIPTION ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Participants are asked to categorize attributes (e.g Sad vs. Happy) and target items (e.g. "my", "they") into predetermined categories via keystroke presses. For the test, participants are asked to sort categories into paired/combined categories (e.g. "Sad OR ME" on the left vs. "Anything else" on the right). The basic task is to press a left key (E) if an item (e.g. "my") belongs to the category presented on the left (e.g. "Sad OR ME") and to press the right key (I) if the word (e.g. "they") does not belong to the category on the left. Pairings are reversed for a second test (e.g. "Sad OR NOT ME" on the left vs. "Anything else" on the right). Order is counterbalanced by groupnumber. For practice, participants practice two shorter versions of the test. ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ DURATION ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ the default set-up of the script takes appr. 3.5 minutes to complete ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ DATA FILE INFORMATION ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ The default data stored in the data files are: (1) Raw data file: 'depressionbriefiat_raw*.iqdat' (a separate file for each participant) build: The specific Inquisit version used (the 'build') that was run computer.platform: the platform the script was run on (win/mac/ios/android) date, time: date and time script was run subject, group, with the current subject/groupnumber Note: odd/even groupnumbers balance the order in which hypothesis-compatible/incompatible blocks are run odd = compatible - incompatible even = incompatible - compatible session: with the current session id blockcode, blocknum: the name and number of the current block (built-in Inquisit variable) trialcode, trialnum: the name and number of the currently recorded trial (built-in Inquisit variable) Note: trialnum is a built-in Inquisit variable; it counts all trials run; even those that do not store data to the data file such as feedback trials response: the final trial response (scancodes of the keys pressed) 18 = E 23 = I 57 = spacebar press Note: script saves the final and -by design- correct response for each trial correct: the accuracy of the initial response 0 = initial response was incorrect and needed to be corrected 1 = initial response is correct latency: the latency of the final (correct) response in ms; measured from onset of stim stimulusnumber: the number of the current stimulus stimulusitem: the currently presented item Only meaningful for the last row of data in the raw data file (upon completion of IAT): d1: d-score of the first blocks d2 (if run): d-score of the second blocks (run in extended version) d: overall d-score for extended version: non-weighted mean of the 2 d-scores); main DV otherwise: the overall D-score is simply the D-score of the first blocks Suggested Interpretation: D-score <= -0.65 => "a strong" preference for hypothesis-NONconforming pairings D-score < -0.35 => "a moderate" preference for hypothesis-NONconforming pairings D-score < -0.15 => "a slight" preference for hypothesis-NONforming pairings -0.15 <= D-score <= 0.15 "little to no" preference D-score > 0.15 => "a slight" preference for hypothesis-conforming pairings D-score > 0.35 => "a moderate" preference for hypothesis-conforming pairings D-score >= 0.65 => "a strong" preference for hypothesis-conforming pairings percentcorrect: the overall percent correct score of initial responses in test trials of D-score qualifying latencies propRT300: the proportion of response latencies < 300ms excludeCriteriaMet: 1 = yes, exclusion supported per Greenwald et al (2003, p.214, Table 4): More than 10% of all response latencies are faster than 300ms 0 = otherwise (2) Summary data file: 'depressionbriefiat_summary*.iqdat' (a separate file for each participant) inquisit.version: Inquisit version run computer.platform: the platform the script was run on (win/mac/ios/android) startdate: date script was run starttime: time script was started subjectid: assigned subject id number groupid: assigned group id number sessionid: assigned session id number elapsedtime: time it took to run script (in ms); measured from onset to offset of script completed: 0 = script was not completed (prematurely aborted); 1 = script was completed (all conditions run) d1: d-score of the first blocks d2 (if run): d-score of the second blocks (run in extended version) d: overall d-score for extended version: non-weighted mean of the 2 d-scores); main DV otherwise: the overall D-score is simply the D-score of the first blocks Suggested Interpretation: D-score <= -0.65 => "a strong" preference for hypothesis-NONconforming pairings D-score < -0.35 => "a moderate" preference for hypothesis-NONconforming pairings D-score < -0.15 => "a slight" preference for hypothesis-NONforming pairings -0.15 <= D-score <= 0.15 "little to no" preference D-score > 0.15 => "a slight" preference for hypothesis-conforming pairings D-score > 0.35 => "a moderate" preference for hypothesis-conforming pairings D-score >= 0.65 => "a strong" preference for hypothesis-conforming pairings percentcorrect: the overall percent correct score of initial responses in test trials of D-score qualifying latencies propRT300: the proportion of response latencies < 300ms excludeCriteriaMet: 1 = yes, exclusion supported per Greenwald et al (2003, p.214, Table 4): More than 10% of all response latencies are faster than 300ms 0 = otherwise ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ EXPERIMENTAL SET-UP ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Hypothesis-consistent pairings vs. hypothesis-inconsistent pairings; tested within-subjects => order is counterbalanced by groupnumber assignment Sequence (odd groupnumbers): 1. Short Block1 (hypothesis-consistent) 2. Short Block2 (hypothesis-inconsistent) 3. Long Block (hypothesis consistent) 4. Long Block (hypothesis inconsistent) 3. Long Block (hypothesis consistent)* (the last two blocks are skipped if parameters.extended = false) 4. Long Block (hypothesis inconsistent) In all Test Blocks: * attributes and targets alternate * attributes as well as targets are randomly selected without replacement * short blocks run 14 trials; experimental blocks run 20 trials by default * the first 4 trials = prefatory trials that are not included into subsequent analyses NOTE: if a participant goes through a sequence of BIATs the short blocks short_a & short_b only need to be run for the very first BIAT in the sequence. Short Blocks are simply shorter versions (only 4 prefatory trial + 8 trials) of the longer Experimental Blocks. They are intended as practice blocks as participants tend to be slower during the first two blocks of a BIAT. They are not included into further data analyses. ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ STIMULI ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Stimuli can be edited under section Editable Stimuli ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ INSTRUCTIONS ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Instructions can be edited under section Editable Instructions ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ EDITABLE CODE ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ check below for (relatively) easily editable parameters, stimuli, instructions etc. Keep in mind that you can use this script as a template and therefore always "mess" with the entire code to further customize your experiment. The parameters you can change are: The "skipsummary" variable in the values tag can be set to true to skip the final summary page or false to display the page. The "extended" variable in the values tag can be set to true to run a total of four test blocks, or false to run only 2 test blocks.