Return to the Regulatory Focus Strength page
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								*REGULATORY FOCUS STRENGTH MEASURE*
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Script Author: Katja Borchert, Ph.D. (katjab@millisecond.com) for Millisecond Software LLC
Date: 12-05-2012
last updated:  10-23-2019 by K. Borchert (katjab@millisecond.com) for Millisecond Software, LLC

Script Copyright © 10-23-2019 Millisecond Software

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BACKGROUND INFO 	
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This Inquisit script implements the regulatory focus strength measure developed by

Higgins, E. T., Shah, J., & Friedman, R. (1997). Emotional responses to goal attainment: Strength of regulatory 
focus as moderator. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72, 515-525.

Higgins Lab: http://higginsweb.psych.columbia.edu/research/

From the webpage:
"Regulatory focus theory posits two separate and independent self-regulatory orientations, 
both fundamentally related to value motivation (i.e., achieving desired end-states):
Prevention [...], Promotion [...].

Regulatory focus is a state that can differ across individuals (chronic regulatory focus) 
and situations (momentary regulatory focus). The regulatory focus strength measure and 
regulatory focus questionnaire measure chronic regulatory focus. Momentary regulatory focus 
can be primed or induced using the regulatory focus induction."

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TASK DESCRIPTION
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Description from http://higginsweb.psych.columbia.edu/research/:	
										  
"Self-guide Strength Measure: Participants are asked to list, one at a time, four attributes they would ideally like to
possess and four attributes they believe they ought to possess, in a seemingly random
order—specifically, one ideal, two oughts, one ideal, one ought, two ideals, and one
ought. After providing each ideal attribute, participants are asked to respond to the
following two items:
(1) "For the last attribute, rate the extent to which you would IDEALLY LIKE
TO possess the attribute (from 1-4)."
(2) "For the last attribute, rate the extent to which you believe you ACTUALLY
possess the attribute (from 1-4)."
After providing each ought attribute, participants are asked to respond to the following
two items:
(1) "For the last attribute, rate the extent to which you believe you OUGHT TO
possess the attribute (from 1-4)."
(2) "For the last attribute, rate the extent to which you believe you ACTUALLY
possess the attribute (from 1-4)."

The computer records participants’ (1) responses (both attributes and ratings) and (2)
response latencies for attributes and ratings. Thus, three latencies are recorded for each
attribute—time for typing attribute, time for ideal/ought rating, and time for actual rating.
Only the first three ideals and the first three oughts are used in computed ideal and ought
strength.

To calculate ideal and ought strength, log-transform the reaction times. Sum them
separately for ideals and oughts. Multiply these two totals by –1, so that higher numbers
indicate greater strength/accessibility (i.e., shorter response times). Always control for
the opposite focus in any analyses."

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DURATION 
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the default set-up of the script takes appr. 5 minutes to complete

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DATA FILE INFORMATION 
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The default data stored in the data files are:

(1) Raw data file: 'regulatoryfocusstrength_raw*.iqdat' (a separate file for each participant)

build:							The specific Inquisit version used (the 'build') that was run
computer.platform:				the platform the script was run on (win/mac/ios/android)
date, time, 						date and time script was run 
subject, group, 					with the current subject/groupnumber
script.sessionid:					with the current session id

blockcode, blocknum:				the name and number of the current block (built-in Inquisit variable)
trialcode, trialnum: 				the name and number of the currently recorded trial (built-in Inquisit variable)
										Note: trialnum is a built-in Inquisit variable; it counts all trials run; even those
										that do not store data to the data file such as feedback trials. Thus, trialnum 
										may not reflect the number of main trials run per block. 
												
values.count_total/values.count_ideal/values.count_ought:		counts ideal/ought/all attributes

values.keyword:					depending on condition, either 'HOPE' or 'OUGHT' 
response:						the participant's response
latency: 							the response latency in ms (built-in variable)

RT:								the response latency in ms (custom variable); 
								in the case of openended responses it is the firstcharlatency (= first character is entered)
										
values.log_rt:						log (log10) transform of the latency (stored in RT)


(2) Summary data file: 'regulatoryfocusstrength_summary*.iqdat' (a separate file for each participant)

computer.platform:				the platform the script was run on (win/mac/ios/android)
script.startdate:					date script was run
script.starttime:					time script was started
script.subjectid:					assigned subject id number
script.groupid:					assigned group id number
script.sessionid:					assigned session id number
script.elapsedtime:				time it took to run script (in ms); measured from onset to offset of script
script.completed:					0 = script was not completed (prematurely aborted); 
								1 = script was completed (all conditions run)

values.attribute_storage:						contains all attributes (as well as 'I' and 'O' to indicate the condition
											in which the word was typed in)								
									
values.count_total/values.count_ideal/values.count_ought:		counts ideal/ought/all attributes

values.sum_selfdiscrepancymeasure_ideal13:	sum of the first three Ideal-is discrepancy measures (Ideal minus actual rating)
values.sum_selfdiscrepancymeasure_ought13:	sum of the first three Ought-is discrepancy measures (Ought minus actual rating)
values.sum_selfdiscrepancymeasure_ideal:		sum of ALL Ideal-is discrepancy measures
values.sum_selfdiscrepancymeasure_ought:		sum of ALL Ought-is discrepancy measures

expressions.mean_selfdiscrepancy_ideal13-
expressions.mean_selfdiscrepancy_ought:		mean self-discrepancy ratings for Ideal and Ought (13 = only item 1 to 3)

values.sum_ideal13_logRT
values.sum_ought13_logRT:					sum of the log transformed latencies for ideal/ought trial sequences for first three measures

values.sum_ideal_logRT
values.sum_ought_logRT:						sum of the log transformed latencies for ALL ideal/ought trial sequences
+ converted scores (multiplied by -1)

expressions.mean_logRT_ideal13/expressions.mean_logRT_ought13:	Mean log latencies of the first three IdealOught measures
expressions.mean_logRT_ideal/expressions.mean_logRT_ought:		Mean log latencies of all IdealOught measures

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EXPERIMENTAL SET-UP 
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This script provides the basic building blocks to run trial sequences for IDEAL trials and OUGHT trials.
The default is to run the following 8 sequences: 1 I, 2 O, 1 I, 1, O, 2 I, 1 O (see note above)

If a different sequences or a different number of trial sequences should be run, go to 
section BLOCKS -> block.RegulatoryFocus and follow instructions

Trial Sequences:
trial sequences for IDEAL/OUGHT condition start with
a) openended question for attribute
b) check if that attribute is a repeat (only works if the same spelling of word is used)
c) if new attribute: rating for hope to possess/ought to posses (if repeat attribute, back to a)
d) rating for is states

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INSTRUCTIONS 
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Instructions are not original to the task. They are provided by Millisecond Software
as htm/html pages and can be edited by changing the provided htm/html files.
To edit htm/html-files: open the respective documents in simple Text Editors such as TextEdit (Mac)
or Notepad (Windows).
	
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EDITABLE CODE 
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check below for (relatively) easily editable parameters, stimuli, instructions etc. 
Keep in mind that you can use this script as a template and therefore always "mess" with the entire code to further customize your experiment.

The parameters you can change are:

/color_ideal/color_ought:			colors in which the words 'HOPE TO BE'/'OUGHT TO BE' are printed in the instructions