Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI)

FREE for use with an Inquisit Lab or Inquisit Web license.

Available Test Forms

Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI)

The Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) measure of empathy as designed by Davis (1979).
Duration: 4 minutes
(Requires Inquisit Lab)
(Run with Inquisit Web)
Last Updated


Google ScholarSearch Google Scholar for peer-reviewed, published research using the Inquisit Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI).

Davis, M.H. (1979). Individual differences in empathy: A multidimensional approach. Dissertation (Scales published on p. 52).

Davis, M. H. (1983). Measuring individual differences in empathy: Evidence for a multidimensional approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44, 113– 126.

Alterman, A., McDermott, I., Cacciola, P., & Rutherford, A. (2003). Latent Structure of the Davis Interpersonal Reactivity Index in Methadone Maintenance Patients. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 25(4), 257-265.

Hawk, S., Keijsers, L., Branje, S., Graaff, J., Wied, M., & Meeus, W. (2013). Examining the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) Among Early and Late Adolescents and Their Mothers. Journal of Personality Assessment, 95(1), 96-106.

Wachi, Watanabe, Yokota, Otsuka, & Lamb. (2016). The relationship between police officers' personalities and interviewing styles. Personality and Individual Differences, 97, 151-156.

Garcia-Barrera, Mauricio A., Karr, Justin E., Trujillo-Orrego, Natalia, Trujillo-Orrego, Sandra, & Pineda, David A. (2016). Evaluating Empathy in Colombian Ex-Combatants: Examination of the Internal Structure of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) in Spanish. Psychological Assessment, Psychological Assessment, 2016.